Organization of the Courts System

Organization of the Courts System

The Constitution of the Republic of Cuba establishes the bases on which the organization of the Cuban judicial system is based.
Regarding the judicial function, article 120 states that "The function of imparting justice comes from the people and is exercised on behalf of the Supreme Court by the People's Supreme Court and the other Courts that the law establishes."
The organic and functional independence of the courts is endorsed in article 121, when it provides that these constitute a system of state organs, structured with functional independence of any other and hierarchically subordinate to the National Assembly of People's Power and the Council of State, as well As the highest judicial authority is exercised by the Supreme People's Court, whose decisions in this order are final, and gives its Governing Council the legislative initiative, the regulatory power and empowers it to establish a uniform judicial practice in the interpretation and application of the law.

People’s Supreme Court

The People´s Supreme Court (PSC) exercises its jurisdiction throughout the entire national territory. It is seated in the capital of the Republic and is composed of its president, vice presidents, court presidents and other professional and lay judges. Its structure comprises the Governing Council and courts for the different matters, as well as the administrative units attached to the Presidency that ensure activities complementary to those of jurisdictional and governmental character of the System of People’s Courts.

People’s Provincial Courts

They exercise their jurisdiction in the territory of the 15 provinces that comprise the political-administrative division of the country. There is, in addition, a court with provincial category in the Special Municipality of the Isle of Youth. By decision of the Governing Council of the People’s Supreme Court, they are seated in the head municipality of each province. They are composed of its president, vice presidents, court presidents, and other professional and lay judges. They have administrative units in charge of ensuring administrative order, regarding the internal regime of the court and the people’s municipal courts of each province, as well as others that ensure judicial activity.

People’s Municipal Courts

They exercise their jurisdiction in the territory of the municipality where they reside and are seated in its head or in another place within its territory, when so decided by the Governing Council of the People's Supreme Court (PSC). They are composed of its president, section presidents (when sections have been created to hear different matters, in accordance with the needs of the service) and other professional and lay judges.

Military Court

The jurisdictional function of the Military Court of the People's Supreme Court consists on hearing, in first instance, of those matters that are within its competence: cassation of appeals filed against verdicts issued by the military territorial courts, judicial inspection or revision of verdicts and final rulings of military courts. They respond to the Governing Council of the PSC for control and supervision of the jurisdictional activity of military courts. As part of this function, its president has legal faculties to support examination of the verdicts and final rulings of the military courts.