Integration and Operation
Rubén Remigio Ferro, President of the Supreme People's Court
The Supreme People's Court is composed of its President, the Vice Presidents, the Presidents of the Chambers of Justice and other professional judges and the laymen assigned to these rooms.
All professional judges have the character of incumbents and they number 48, among which are the President, 4 Vice-Presidents and the 6 Presidents of the Chambers, who, together with the other professional judges and the lay faithful, are members of El Plenary, which is constituted exceptionally as a Chamber of Justice to hear the matters that the law has within its jurisdiction.
The structure of the superior Cuban judicial body comprises: the Governing Council and the Chambers of Justice. The Governing Council consists of the President of the Supreme People's Court, the Vice Presidents and the Presidents of the Chambers. The Chambers of Justice are 6 and have the number of professional judges, including their Presidents, which are specified below: Criminal Chamber (14 judges), State Security Offenses Room (6 judges), Civil and Administrative (7 judges), Labor Room (4 judges), Economic Room (6 judges), Military Room (6 judges).
The exercise of the judicial activity of the Supreme People's Court is governed, inter alia, by the following fundamental principles, common to all courts of the Cuban judicial system: Judicial independence, equality, legality, sense of fairness, rationality, right to defense , Presumption of innocence, nullum crime sine previous lege penale (competition preestablished in the law), collegiate, popular representation, orality, publicity, recurribilidad, gratuitousness.
Specifically the principles of oral and advertising have more than 100 years of experience in Cuba since the entry into force in 1889 of the Spanish Criminal Procedure Law of 1888, which instituted oral and public trial; Publicity of which can only be dispensed with for exceptional reasons, by a well-founded decision of the court, according to the law.
The Chambers of Justice carry out their judicial work by means of ordinary procedures previously established in the procedural laws.
The acts of imparting justice are public, and for them, the Chambers of the Supreme People's Court and other courts of the system, are composed of an odd number of judges, who can be a professional and two lay or three professionals and two lay , In accordance with the provisions of the law according to the complexity of the matter, always presides over a professional judge,
Decisions are agreed in a secret deliberation session, by majority vote, while the dissenting judge retains the right to cast his or her private vote.
For the dispatch of the cases, the Supreme People's Court has a Judicial Secretary, who in turn is a member of the Governing Council and is in charge of the Secretariat of the Tribunal. For its part, in each room there is a judicial secretariat, made up of technical and auxiliary personnel headed by a Judicial Secretary.