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Jurisdiction and Competences
Jurisdiction and Competences
The powers and jurisdictional powers of the Supreme People's Court lie in the Chambers of Justice, which exercise jurisdiction throughout the national territory and are competent to know, in accordance with the procedural laws of the various matters, the resources Of Appeal and Cassation against the sentences issued by the Popular Provincial Tribunals and the Territorial Military Tribunals, as well as of the Review procedure, in accordance with the corresponding procedural order; In addition, the Military Chamber is aware of the Judicial Inspection procedure provided for in the Military Criminal Procedure Law.
Likewise, the Chambers of Criminal Matters judge in the first instance the cases in which it is established in the current procedural laws, and in order to hear appeals filed against these judgments, a Special Chamber is constituted by the President of the Court Supreme People, 2 Presidents of the Chamber, 2 professional judges and 2 layers of any Room.
The plenary of the Supreme People's Court judges only has jurisdictional functions, when it is constituted in the Chamber of Justice for the purpose of judging, among others, the President, Vice-President and Secretary of the National Assembly of People's Power, members of the Councils State and Ministers, as well as the President, Vice-President, professional and lay judges of the Supreme People's Court, and the Attorney General of the Republic, his Vice-Prosecutors and other prosecutors of the Attorney General's Office.
The Collegiate System of the Courts System is exercised by the Governing Council of the People's Supreme Court, which is the body established by the Constitution of the Republic, to which it also assigns legislative initiative and regulatory power.
This body, based on the experience of the courts, gives general instructions to establish a uniform judicial practice in the interpretation and application of the law.
The sessions of the Governing Council may be invited by the Minister of Justice and the Attorney General of the Republic, who may participate with voice but without vote.
Its main functions are to dictate, at the request of the National Assembly or the Council of State, the constitutionality of laws, decrees and other general provisions, exercise the legislative initiative in matters of administration of justice, and evacuate The general consultations made by its own Chambers of Justice, the Courts, the Attorney General of the Republic or the Minister of Justice.
The Governing Council is responsible for evaluating and approving the candidates proposed to the National Assembly of People's Power for their election as judges of the Supreme People's Court and to know and approve the corresponding applications to the provincial and municipal courts, as well as to convene the exercises Of opposition or merit competitions for the entry or promotion of judges, and organize the system of professional improvement of both judges and auxiliary staff through the School of Judicial Training.
Likewise, it is incumbent upon the Governing Council to supervise the judicial activity of the courts and approve the budget proposals for the whole System of Courts.